In clinical research, outcomes are ‘any report on the status of the patient’s health condition that comes directly from the patient’ (FDA 2009). Outcomes are a coherent foundation in establishing treatment benefit since they capture concepts identified with patients’ symptoms and signs or a facet of functioning related to disease status. (FDA 2009)
Patient self-reported data has become progressively imperative in clinical preliminaries. Trials such as mental health, sleep deprivation and pain highly depend upon patient self-reported data as the primal endpoint to demonstrate drug efficacy (B. Tiplady & B. Byrom 2016). In the past such data have been collected using paper diaries and questionnaires issued to subjects. Health professionals have become increasingly mindful of the constraints of using paper diaries to record patient outcomes such as poor data quality and security. Hence, there is a developing enthusiasm for patient reported outcomes data using electronic platforms (ePRO). Electronic PRO provide more and better quality data than the conventional paper diaries that ePRO is rapidly substituting.
Some outcomes like blood pressure, blood glucose, body weight can be measured impartially., However, the patient knows best when it comes to subjective outcomes. For example, your doctor cannot gauge the level of pain except by asking you or by interpreting your behaviors.In spite of the fact that we may sometimes wish otherwise, we live inside ourselves and our experience is in a general sense individual. We are in this way the immediate best source for how we are feeling at any given time (Steven Raymond, 2010).
"If you want to know what is happening to the patients, why not ask them?"
- Dr Brengt-Erik Wiholm
In our previous blog on introduction to ePRO, we discussed how such electronic platforms can benefit clinical research. However, the patient is also not left empty handed here. The patient can also track their own health habits. This is advantageous in various ways and it reinforces behavior change as well. With technological advancements, portable gadgets like fitness trackers, smartphones and tablets that monitor our signs, symptoms and other health habits are now a dominant fad, but they are also vital in improving individual experiences. The concept behind these gadgets is that one can collect health data anywhere, on a regular basis, track changes and patterns and at times consult a doctor. Many portable gadgets are still been developed, however the possibilities are self-evident, particularly for individuals with chronic conditions such as hypertension and diabetes. The capacity to send your data to a doctor stretches the possibility that the progressions for complications will be identified in time. Some gadgets are even intended to alarm doctors when the information demonstrates a potential threat, empowering doctors and nurses to respond in time and avert complications or even deadly situations.
"Medical research could greatly benefit from these 'real life' data, particularly since participation rates in observational studies have been declining for the last two decades."
- Tom van de Belt, PhD - Radboud UMC
Personalizing medical treatment is a very promising idea. But, most work today spotlights on genetics and is rarely backed up by data on individual behaviour, diet, physical activity, mood or environment. A primary effect of ePRO is that it underpins solid and precise data sources directly from the patient. Such dependable proof of self-reported individual experience is contemporary. We would now be able to assemble basic experience as well as an individualized perspective of therapeutic action. For a long time people have wanted to take control of their health. Being able to do so empowers patients and improves health outcomes. Patients being involved in their health decisions has enhanced control of diabetes, better physical functioning and improved patients' consistence with preventive activities (Arnetz J.E et al).
Formerly, you could introspect and observe but you didn't have an organized evaluation, validated systems or versatile content. ePRO resembles a psycho-behavioral two-way telescope that reveals to us reality of our experience. ePRO offers researchers the opportunity to collect and observe experimental measures and is a podium for discovery of individual experiences and more importantly, the essence of changes in individuals over time. But what does the patient gain from such a system? Monitoring your health is not only vital to those already affected by diseases but also to healthy individuals who intend to keep it that way or even become healthier.
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Without tracking your health, it is difficult to quantify how much progress you have or have not made and if there are any changes that you need to incorporate in your lifestyle. You can remove the mystery by keeping electronic diaries to raise awareness of your actions which could lead to more healthy decisions. Regularly making the same choices strengthens behavioral change in your life until the point when it turns out to be a habit. Once you've been tracking your progress, you build a historic overview of your health. This information will enable you to see more about how your body responds and enables you to settle on more informed choices about what to change to boost progress. Furthermore, you will get to learn more about your body and focus on choices that work for you. Tracking your health can boost your motivation while you create sustainable, healthy habits. It reveals what you're doing well and when you need to make changes.
In 2007 Gary Wolf and Kevin Kelly started the quantified self movement. QS also known as ‘lifelogging’, is the use of technology to acquire data on aspects of a person's daily life. Wolf defines QS as "self-knowledge through self-tracking with technology". Today the global community has over a hundred groups in 34 countries around the world, with the largest groups in San Francisco, London, and Boston having over 1500 members each.
Every month Quantified Self enthusiasts meet up around the world in a show and tell format to share their personal tracking experiments and expand their knowledge of themselves and their health. Although the idea of self-logging is not new, the technology that makes this simple like fitness trackers, Apple Health and Google Fit allow anyone today to easily become a researcher of their own health. The number of things one can track is interminable and ranges from diet, sleep, mood, pulse oximetry, blood pressure, and physical activity to name a few.
Teamscope offers an affordable and offline mobile app that can help you track your health on your smartphone. Here’s how:
You can design your own forms with Teamscope’s easy-to-use interface. Users can track whatever they want. From blood pressure, mood, eating habits to the number of push ups they can do. The choice is yours.
Teamscope mobile app is offline-friendly; your data can be collected and stored without internet connection and synchronized once you gain a connection.
Teamscope not only allows you to collect data, but ensures that your data is actionable. You can establish your own question and, use our web application to automatically create and view graphs in real time.
Invite your doctor to view your data and take part in your own health decisions. This can be useful because it makes it easier to communicate problems with your doctor when needed and also lead to individual value-based outcomes.
Data on-transit and at-rest is encrypted to ensure your data is protected at all time. All users possess a unique username and password to authenticate visibility of their individual data. Timeout is activated to sessions after a limited time of inactivity after which one requires a four-digit code to regain access. This ensures privacy and confidentiality of your data.
Are you curious on how you could use Teamscope to track your health? We have a free 30 day challenge for anyone interested in using Teamscope to better understand their health. Internally we use our platform to track our Daily Mood Charts and gym performance.
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Teamscope is a secure and easy-to-use mobile platform for research data collection. Build your forms, invite your peers and analyze your data in real-time.